Udaipur is located in the southern part of Rajasthan. It is just near to the Gujarat border. It is surrounded by Aravali Range, which separates it from Thar Desert. It is around 655 km away from Delhi and approximately 800 km from Mumbai. Udaipur is well connected with all nearby states by the means of road, rail and air transportation facilities. Udaipur is spread in an area of 200 km2. It is also the sixth largest city in Rajasthan by population, containing a population of 451,100 according to 2011 Census. Hindi, English and Rajasthani (Mewari) are the languages generally spoken in udaipur.
Udaipur is also called “City of Lakes” is a major city located in Rajasthan. It is also the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan and is the historic capital of the kingdom of Mewar at the time of Rajputana Agency and was also founded by Maharana Udai Singh in 1559 when he shifted his capital from the city of Chittorgarh to Udaipur as Chittorgarh was occupied by Akbar in a battle between them.
Udaipur is a famous tourist destination and attracts a lot of tourists because of its history, culture, scenic locations etc . It is also known as the “City of Lakes” because of its sophisticated lake system and five of the major lakes, Fateh Sagar Lake, Lake Pichola, Swaroop Sagar Lake, Rang sagar lake and Doodh Talai Lake have been included under the restoration project of the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) of the Government of India. It is also famous for its massive historic forts, museums, galleries, gardens, architectural temples, traditional fairs, festival etc. The economy of udaipur is primarly driven by tourism, though minerals, marble processing, chemical manufacturing and development, electronic manufacturing and the handicraft industry are also contributors. Udaipur is also rising as educational hub as it has 5 Universities, 14 colleges and more than 160 high schools. Udaipur is home to IIM Udaipur, the fifth best management institution in the country according to NIRF ranking released by MHRD.
Places to visit
The Lake Palace was constructed to serve as a royal summer palace and is situated over an island in lake Pichola. It is built of white marble and is now a luxury 5 Star hotel which operates under the “Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces” banner.
Jag Mandir was built on an island in the Lake Pichola and is also known as the “Lake Garden Palace”. It was constructed by three Maharanas of the Mewar kingdom and the construction was started in 1620 and was completed by 1652. This place was used by the royal family as a summer resort and pleasure palace.
Monsoon Palace is also known as Sajjan Garh Palace and was built as an astronomical centre to keep track of the movement of monsoon clouds in the area. It also served as the summer resort of the Maharanas.,. It is located on Bansdara peak of the Aravalli hill range at an elevation of 944 m (3100 ft) above the sea level and is built with white marble. This palace offers a panoramic view of the city’s lakes, palaces and surrounding countryside.
It is a large Hindu temple located in the middle of Udaipur. It was built in 1651 by Maharana Jagat Singh. It is one of the most famous temples in and around Udaipur and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and the structure is an architectural marvel with carved pillars, graceful ceilings and painted walls.
FATEH SAGAR LAKE
Lake Fatehsagar is situated in the north-west part of Udaipur is an artificial lake. This lake is bordered by hills and woodlands and lies to the north of Lake Pichola. This artificial lake is connected to Lake Pichola by a canal and was originally built by Maharana Jai Singh and later reconstructed and extended by Maharana Fateh Singh. It is one of the most famous places in the city for tourists as well as the city residents. It also contains an aquarium named ‘Under the Sun’ which is inaugurated in 2017.
Pichola lake was named afer the name of a village “Picholi” and the islands of Jagniwas and Jagmandir are in this lake and city palace also lies along the eastern banks of lake. A boat ride in the lake offers a breathtaking view of the Lake as well as City Palace. The lake and the several islands inside the lake have been developed over the centuries.
KARNI MATA TEMPLE
It is located at Doodh Talai near Pichola and there is a rope-way which takes you to a hill at which this temple is located. Picturesque view of Pichola lake, Jag Mandir and Doodh Talai can be seen if you visit in evening. Whole city can be seen from the top.
Moti Magri also called Pearl Hill is a memorial of the Rajput hero Maharana Pratap. It is basically a small hilloc, at top of which there is a bronze statue of the Maharana astride his favourite horse “Chetak”. It was inaugrated by Maharana Bhagwat Singh Mewar and completed with the help of a public trust.
Jaisamand Lake is the second largest man-made sweet water lake in Asia. It is popular among the locals as a weekend picnic destinationn and this lake is home to various species of birds at its centre.
DOODH TALAI LAKE
The road that lets visitors to reach Pichola Lake has another popular destination. The lake is nestled between several small hillocks which themselves are popular tourist attractions. The Deen Dayal Upadhyay Park and the Manikya Lal Verma Garden are also the part of this lake garden.
UDAIPUR BIOLOGICAL PARK
The Udaipur Biological Park, also called Sajjangarh Biological Park is located just beneath the Monsoon Palace and is around 8 km from the city center. It was built with an aim to conserve the threatened flora and fauna within the area. After its inauguration, the park received more than 46 thousand visitors in a month, which is a feat in itself. The best time to visit park is during the monsoon season from July to September as the area becomes lush green and quite aesthetic. It is home to a number of varieties of animals and birds which includes 60 animals from 21 species including the Himalayan black bear, panthers, Indian porcupine, chital, ghariyal etc.
GULAB BAGH AND ZOO
Gulab Bagh also called Sajjan Niwas Garden is the largest garden in the city and is spreaded over 100 acres. It displays innumerable species of roses, from which it also gets its name and includes various attractions like ponds, a library, toy train, zoological park, temples etc.
UDAIPUR CITY PALACE
The City Palace towers over Lake Pichola. The balconies, cupolas, and towers of the palace give a wonderful view of the lake and the surrounding city. This complex actually consists of four major and several minor palaces that collectively form the magnificent City Palace. The main part of the palace is now preserved as a museum displaying artifacts.
SAHELIYON KI BARI
It is a garden and a popular tourist place located in the northern part of the city and was built by Maharana Sangram Singh as a garden for women. It has several attractions such as marble elephants, fountains, kiosks and a lotus pool etc along with a small museum.
What to EAT in Udaipur?
Udaipur is famous for its spicy food like mirchi bada and kachori. Other common food includes Dal Baati Churma (Lentils and rice), Pyaz Kachori (onion/flour balls), and Gatte Ki Sabzi (gram flour dumplings with curry). These are common on the menu of just about every restaurant and should definitely be eaten.
As being located in the desert lands of Rajasthan, the climate is usually hot. The climate of Udaipur is very hot in summers as it goes to a maximum of 42.3°C and a minimum of 28.8°C. In winters is quite relief from heat and it goes to a maximum of 28.8°C and the minimum of 2.5°C.
The best time to visit is during September to March.
How To Reach Udaipur ?
Udaipur is easily accessible via major roads from every major destination in India including Chittorgarh (117km), Ajmer (307km), Jaipur (421km), Bikaner (488km), Agra (638km), Delhi (676km), Mumbai (725km) etc.
Dabok Airport, known as Maharana Pratap Airport is named after the son of Udai Singh is main airport of city and is 25km northeast of the city center. There are daily flights from Delhiand Mumbai on Jet Airways, Air India, IndiGo and SpiceJet. Taxis between the airport and the city cost around 500-750 from the prepaid taxi booth in the airport.. There are no public buses between the airport and the city.
Udaipur City railway station is the main railway station under the administrative control of North Western Railway of Indian Railways and has direct train connections to many major cities in India including Chittorgarh (2 hours), Ajmer (5 hours), Jaipur (7 hours), Agra (13 hours), Delhi (12 hours), Mumbai (17 hours) etc.
One can also reach udaipur through buses which operates between Udaipur and Mount Abu (5 hours), Agra (6 hours), Ahmedabad (6 hours), Jodhpur (8 hours), Ajmer (8 hours), Jaipur (9 hours), Bikaner, Delhi (14 hours), and Mumbai (16 hours) etc.