Shimla also called Simla, is the largest city in Himachal Pradesh. It was firstly declared as the summer capital of British India in 1864 and then became the capital of Punjab after independence and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh.
Shimla has many buildings as well as multiple temples and churches. Many tourists are attracted by the colonial architecture and churches, the temples and the natural environment of the city which also includes the Viceroy Lodge, the Christ Church, the Jakhoo Temple, the Mall Road and the Ridge together form the city centre. The biggest event of its kind in whole South Asia started in 2005 that is the mountain biking race MTB Himalaya, is also hosted by shimla. It also has the largest natural ice skating rink in South Asia. The city is also an educational hub with a number of colleges and research institutions.
Shimla gets its name from Shyamala Devi, goddess Kali, whose temple existed in the dense forest covering the Jakhu Hill in the early 19th century. It Covers an area of 25 sq km at a height of 7,238 ft and is surrounded by pine, deodar and oak forests.
It is also an excellent base for trekking in the surrounding hills. rafting and trout fishing can also be enjoyed at Tattapani which is just 51 km from Shimla. There is skiing at Kufri and Narkanda from January to mid-March in winters. One can also do shopping at some of Shimla’s most lively and colorful markets or can entertain himslef in a cultural or a dramatic performance or take pleasure in a sporting activity. A wide range of activities and attractions are enough to keep you occupied all the time.
Places to visit in Shimla
One of the best places to visit in Shimla is the Summer hill which is located 5 km from the famous ridge of Shimla. This hill offers breathtaking views from the top as it is carpeted by rich greenery. Summer hill is also a part of the 7 hills .
Indian Institute of Advanced Studies
IIAS was built by the British and was passed on to the nation by the president of that time – Dr. Radhakrishnan as an institute to promotes advances studies in humanities and arts in India. It is among the best places to visit in Shimla because A visit to the institute is actually a walk through the modern Indian history.It is open from 8:00 am to 06:00 pm.
Annandale: The Golfing Destination
Number of adventure sports were enjoyed during the British rule including racing but, now, this place is just perfect for all the people who love playing golf as the racecourse has now been converted into a golf course, which also serves as a helipad. It is best for golf and one can visit from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm.
This hill is 8000 feet high and believed to be the highest peak in Shimla and this temple is a heaven for all the nature lovers and pilgrims who come to visit the 108 feet tall Hanuman statue at the Jakhoo temple.
The Scandal Point, Ridge
This flat spacious platform is Popularly known as the Scandal Point is one of the most popular places to visit in Shimla. It is a complete treat to all the mountain lovers to view and capture the mesmerising views of the valley and the snow capped mountains surrounding Shimla. This place also contains the famous Tudor library.
The Shimla State Museum
The Shimla state museum also called Himachal state museum and library is located on Mount Pleasant. This place is totally worthwhile because of the sprawling lawns and the brilliant British architecture. It also displays the past of the state as well as its rich culture and heritage and it also has an incredible collection of different artifacts, paintings, sculptures, handicrafts and a lot more which they have been preserving since ages.
Naldehra and Shaily Peak
Naldehra is one of the major tourists attraction near Shimla as it offers the most beautifull sunrise and sunset views. This place has amazing forest cover to be enjoyed on a horse ride With dense deodar trees and naturally rich flora and fauna.
Chadwick falls, falls from an altitude of 1586 meters and is surrounded by dense forest, lush deodar and pine tree. With the increase in the water level of the falls because of monsoon makes the place even more beautiful with its sparkling water.
This is the famous street in Shimla and is a haven for Shopaholics and everyone who loves to explore shimla. From warm woolens to beautiful handicrafts, one can find anything here at reasonable prices. It is a dream place for the people who loves shopping.
Johnnie’s Wax Museum
This museum Displays life-sized wax figures of Indian and international icons, which makes it an interesting spot to visit with family and even friends.
This is the second oldest church in North India and is for those who are in pursuit of peace. This church is a paradise and a perfect place for spending time alone. Early in the morning or during the church prayer is the best time to visit here.
Himalayan Bird Park
This town has something for every type of traveler which makes it even more beautifull and its Himalayan Bird Park is an famous attraction for nature and bird lovers which is open only during the summers. One can spot a variety of exotic and native birds here.It is an important for the photographic people too.
Tara Devi Temple
This temple is located at a top of a hill, and can be reached via the Kalka-Shimla Highway, It is a great spot for rejuvenating one’s mind, body, and soul. One can also see sweeping views of the town from the hilltop.
Chail has the highest cricket pitch in the world and is surrounded by mighty deodar and pine trees offering a calm atmosphere. This place is the home of the famous Chail Palace which is known for its architectural brilliance. one can enjoy the view of twinkling city lights below while get star struck by the beautifully lit night sky because it is at a higher altitude than Shimla.
It is one of the less crowded attractions of the state and is wrapped in the arms of the mighty Himalayas and has everything a popular hill station can give you except the tourist rush. It islocated in the lap of nature and is 32km away from shimla.
Tattapani means hot water in Hindi, is a small village located 51km away from Shimla and is famous for hot water springs and the famous Shiva caves.
The Green Valley is a beautiful and breathtaking mountain range which falls on the way to Kufri from Shimla. The Green Valley is surrounded by verdant hills on all sides that are covered with thick forests of pine and deodarYou will also come across some local shacks and markets on the way.
BEST PLACES TO EAT IN SHIMLA
Shimla offers a number of gastronomic experiences be it fine dining or even street-food. Every restaurant and hotel offers Indian, Continental and Chinese cuisine food. authentic pahadi food or variety of Indian chaat items available in every shop in shimla.
How to reach shimla ?
One can reach shimla by drive or by bus easily as it is well-connected by road network to all major cities in north India and to all major towns and district headquarters within the state. Shimla is far from Chandigarh: 120 km, Amritsar: 342 km, Delhi: 380 km, Agra: 568 km, Jaipur: 629 km etc.
Jubarhati airport is the nearest airport located 23 kilometres away from it. There are regular flights going from Jubbarhatti to Chandigarh and Delhi. One can easily get a taxi from the airport to Shimla.
The railway station in Shimla is connected to Kalka by a narrow gauge rail track and is 1 kilometre away from the town. The famous toy train of Shimla covers a distance of 96 km between Kalka and Shimla in about 7 hours. Kalka, the nearest rail head is connected to Chandigarh and Delhi by regular trains.
One can reach Shimla by many buses ran by Himachal Road Transport Corporation buses and private operators connecting Shimla to the major cities in North India. Many buses ply overnight and reach shimla by early morning.
The climate in Shimla is very cool during winters and moderately warm during summer. Temperatures typically range from −4 °C to 31 °C over the of a year. The average temperature during summers is between 19 and 28 °C and between −1 and 10 °C in winters.