The Golden Temple is a Gurudwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab in India. It is also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib. It is the holiest Guurdwara and the most important pilgrimage site of Sikhism.The gurdwara is not only religious place of Sikhs, but is also a symbol of brotherhood and equality. Everyone irrespective of thier cast, creed or race can seek spiritual solace and religious fulfilment without any hindrance.It is a matter of experience rather than a of description. It is made up of pure gold which is also its major speciality.
This temple welcomes everyone to enjoy its beauty and spirituality irrespective of race, faith or culture. Everyone is welcome. Before entering the temple, Men and Women both must cover their heads and like other Holy places shoes are not allowed inside, but this temple has a little twist to walking barefoot., before entering you walk through a foot bath to ensure your feet are clean.
Unlike erecting the structure on the higher level, Guru Arjan Sahib got it built on the level lower than land and unlike Hindu Temples having only one gate for the entrance and exit, Guru Sahib got it open from four sides. Thus he created a symbol of new faith, Sikhism. Guru Sahib made it accessible to every person without any distinction of Caste, creed, sex and religion.
The entire top of the temple is made of pure gold, adding to the beauty of the temple.The temple is surrounded by a manmade lake that boasts a lot of exotic fish in it.The temple has four entry gates in all four directions to show openness and acceptance.The temple was initially built without any gold coating, it was later renovated and made it look it is what look today. First Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak Dev, used to meditate at the site.Them lake around the temple is known as ‘Amrit Sarovar’ which is translated as ‘Pool of Holy Nectar’ which is said to have healing powers.
- the first edition of the “Guru Granth Sahib”, most holy book of Sikhism and the holiest literature of this religion, was installed in the golden temple. Baba Buddha was appointed as the the first ‘granthi’.
- Moreover, in the year, 1699, Guru Gobind Singh, tenth guru of Sikhs laid the establishment of ‘Khalsa Panth’.
- Baisakhi is one of the most important festival celebrated here as the foundation of Khalsa Panth was laid down by the tenth guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh on this day.
- The holy tank of the Golden Temple is one of its major attractions. people come specially for taking a bath at the tanks of the temple as it is believed that a single bath at this holy water will properly cleanse the soul and the water in those tanks is also believed to have therapeutic properties.
- The Guru Granth Sahib is installed in the temple every morning and returned at night to the Akal Takhat, the temporal seat of the Khalsa brotherhood. The ceremony takes place at 5am and 9.30pm in winter, and 4am and 10.30pm in summer. you can also see a collection of sacred Sikh weapons.
Langar At Golden Temple
- The Golden Temple feeds near about 100,000 people a day from the free kitchen.
- It’s an amazing feat in its own right, but what is even more amazing is that this has been going for 450 years without missing one single day. No matter who are you, everyone eats together on the floor.
- It doesn’t matter who you are, you will all be treated exactly the same.
- The food is clean and delicious and the 450 years of practice is evident as they feed thousands of people at once in a matter of 10 minutes.
How To Reach Golden Temple?
· By Air
Sri Guru Ram Das Ji International Airport is the nearest airport and is located in the city of amritsar which is well connected to other cities in India and also to a number of international cities.
By Road/Self Drive
One can easily reach amritsar or golden temple by road. Driving to Amritsar is one of the most popular and convenient ways of travelling and there are several options en route to stop for refreshments.
· By Train
Amritsar Railway Station is the main railway station of amritsar and is well connected to almost all major cities in India including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad etc.
· By Bus
There are bus services available that connect Amritsar with cities like Delhi, Dehradun, Shimla, Jammu and other towns in North India. These include both government-run buses and coaches operated by private companies.